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astehn
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎10-26-2008

Advanced Settings to Improve Wireless Range (Fragmentation, RTS, and beacon interval)

I've got a WPA wireless network set up that utilizes a total of 4 WRT54GL routers as access points (on channels 1, 6, and 11 [the two APs furthest from each other both utilize 11). Each AP generally supports about 5 clients at a time (though sometimes as high as 10).

 

Generally, everything is working, but the clients furthest from the access points occasionally lose their connections, and some users have reported periods when they are completely unable to obtain an IP. I am virtually certain that this is based on poor signal strength resulting from distance from the APs and/or RF interference from other APs in the building. I have done everything possible to improve signal strength by router placement, optimizing channel usage based upon RF surveys, and upgrading to high-gain omnis.

 

This leaves nothing to do apart from tweaking the advanced wireless settings to marginally improve problems related to weak signal and/or RF interference, so I've been reading everything I can find on these boards and elsewhere about changing Fragmentation Threshold, RTS threshold, and beacon interval. However, I'm left with the following questions.

 

1) There seems to be disagreement about Fragmentation threshold and RTS threshold settings. Some (including the Linksys Technical Troubleshooting Wizard) recommend that both be set to 2304. I have also seen people insist that Fragmentation be set to 2306 and RTS to 2304. A few recommend 2306 for both thresholds, and some advise 2306 for Fragmentation and 2307 for RTS (though by my limited understanding, it simply disables RTS when the value is higher than the fragmentation threshold value). Which of these settings is best? And more importantly, WHY is it the best? Generally, I understand what the settings do, but I am reluctant to change them when there doesn't seem to be a consensus about exactly what they should be.

 

2) With respect to beacon interval, I've seen both 75ms and 50ms recommmended to replace the default of 100ms. For a network of my size (4 APs, averaging 5 users each), will increasing the number of beacons (and hence the RF traffic even when the network is idle) pose a problem? Also, I'm a little less clear as to how this would improve connectivity.

 

Since these settings will affect all users, I want to make sure that I'm using settings that will be beneficial on the whole. The last thing I want to do is inadvertantly make things worse, and since I can't test things directly from the standpoint of each user, I was hoping that someone could explain to me in greater detail what settings I should try and, more importantly, why.

 

Thank you for your help!

 

 

helm
Posts: 3,650
Registered: ‎09-07-2006

Re: Advanced Settings to Improve Wireless Range (Fragmentation, RTS, and beacon interval)

The Best combination is Beacon 50, RTS - 2306, Fragmentation - 2307.

Beacon - router would transmit beacon packets after every 50ms instead of 100ms hence retaining the connection.

RTS - Request to Send - when reduced would enhance the communication  between router and computer.

Fragmentation - Fragments the bigger packets into smaller ones so that it can be easier to access by the computer on the other end.

astehn
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎10-26-2008

Re: Advanced Settings to Improve Wireless Range (Fragmentation, RTS, and beacon interval)

Any idea why those threshold numbers supposedly work better than the other ones so commonly mentioned? I ask because running the numbers on Google shows that 2404 for both values is the most frequently mentioned change from the default.
raynda
Posts: 1
Registered: ‎11-05-2008

Re: Advanced Settings to Improve Wireless Range (Fragmentation, RTS, and beacon interval)

I changed my Beacon, RTS, and Frag values to the above values and now I'm unable to connect to the wireless network anymore. I tried to match the RTS and Fragmentation settings in my wireless utility (Hawking Wireless - RT73) to the new values, but I can't connect anymore. I didn't see anywhere i could change the Beacon number in the utility, but I wonder if that is my problem... Any ideas?

 

I have no internet, no network connection. I can connect to other networks in range, but even though the network with these altered Beacon/RTS/Frag values is detected, I cannot connect to it. I can send packets but all received packs fail. (CRC Fail, I think)

 

I can't get back into the web setup for the router, so is there anything I could do from my end? Find an adapter that lets me configure the Beacon setting?

7stringthing
Posts: 1
Registered: ‎04-11-2012

Re: Advanced Settings to Improve Wireless Range (Fragmentation, RTS, and beacon interval)

Why don't you just do a factory default and the next time you go to tweak things back it up first so you can trash it all you want.

 

As far as what's better?  Every situation is different.  Everyone has different walls, interference and such.  

 

From my experience though you can't come up with a perfect setting for all.  Definitely a threshold but do a hardware reset, set it back up, back it up and ruin it  until you accidentally fix it.  heheh  I just went through the same thing when i broght home a smart tiv and after playikng with my router for too long and not making all my devices happy i put an old cell phone next to the tv as an adhoc and called it a day.